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Shiga

Game da Kakanni

Me yasa Kakanni
Nemo dalilin da ya sa za ku zabar mu…

Sayi Ancestrum yanzu
Samu gwajin mu yanzu tare da mafi kyawun rangwame

Sayi Ancestrum da Raw Data
Shin kuna da ɗanyen fayil ɗin bayanai?

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Yi rijistar kayan aikin ku
Idan kun riga kun yi gwajin ku, danna nan

i

Umurnai
Anan za ku sami matakai masu sauƙi don samun rahoton ku

lamba
Tuntube mu don kowace tambaya da kuke da ita

Gwajin mu

Asalin Geographic
Duk abubuwan da kuka gabata akan taswira…

Zuriyar Kabilanci. Kakanni.

Zuriyar Kabilanci
Wace ƙabila ce ta fi rinjaye a cikin DNA ɗin ku?

Zuriyar Tarihi. Kakanni.

Zuriyar Tarihi
Mafi yuwuwar asalin kakanninku

Mahaifiyar Haplogroup. Kakanni.

Mahaifiyar Haplogroup
Mitochondrial DNA maye gurbi

Haplogroup na uba. Kakanni.

Haplogroup na uba
Y-chromosome maye gurbi na DNA

Shahararriyar DNA Matching. Kakanni.

Shahararriyar DNA Matching
Gano haruffa waɗanda kuke raba zuriya da su

Neanderthal asalin. Kakanni.

Neanderthal DNA
DNA ya bambanta da wuraren binciken kayan tarihi

Gwajin zuriya. 7 samfurori a cikin daya.

TAGA ZUWA A BAYA

Ancestrum yana ba ku samfuran gwajin zuriyar gado 7 daban-daban, waɗanda aka haɗa cikin rahoto guda. Mu Gwajin zuriya shi ne mafi cikakken a cikin dukan brands a kasuwa.

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Tuni da
babban fayil ɗin bayanai?

Tuni da
babban fayil ɗin bayanai?

Gwajin halittar kakannin kakanni

Kit ɗin daya, farashi ɗaya

Gwaje-gwaje bakwai

7IN
DAYA

Asalin yanki - 3

Geographic

Zuriyar Kabilanci – 6

Ethnic

Zuriyar Tarihi. Kakanni.

tarihi

Zuriyar Tarihi. Kakanni.

Mahaifi

Zuriyar Tarihi. Kakanni.

uba

Zuriyar Tarihi. Kakanni.

Celebrity

Zuriyar Tarihi. Kakanni.

Nearnderthal

Gwajin Asalin Ƙasa

Gwajin kakannin mu yana nazarin DNA ɗin ku kuma, ta hanyar nazarin kwatancen kwatancen, za mu koma matsakaicin shekaru 800, wanda ya yi daidai da tsararraki kusan 30, kuma muna gaya muku a waɗanne yankuna ne kakanninku suka zauna, bisa ga halin yanzu. mahallin yanki.

Shahararriyar DNA Matching

Yi gwajin zuriyarmu kuma ku gano wasu muhimman mutane a tarihi da za ku iya raba zuri'ar uba ko na uwa, ta hanyar kwatanta haplogroups na duk mashahuran da ke cikin bayananmu da kwatanta naku.

Gwajin Kabilanci

Ba duka akan labarin kasa bane. Yanzu zaku iya koyo game da asalin ku ta wata fuskar daban. Asalin kabilanci yana ba da fa'ida mai fa'ida daga tsarin ɗan adam da zamantakewa kuma yana ba ku damar gano ƙungiyoyin kabilanci da kuka fi kusanci da su gwargwadon asalin tarihin ku. Ancestrum yana da cikakkun bayanai na fiye da ƙabilun 300 a duniya.

Mahaifiyar Haplogroup

Dangane da tsarin haplogroup, muna nazarin chromosome na mitochondrial, wanda aka gada daga iyaye mata zuwa 'ya'yansu maza da mata, kuma muna kwatanta shi da bayanan da ke dauke da duk sanannun haplogroups.

Godiya ga gwajin kakannin halittarmu, zaku sami taswirar juyin halittar zuriyar ku ta uwa zuwa farkon rikodin mitochondrial haplogroup, wanda aka sani da "mitochondrial Eve".

Haplogroup na uba

Hakazalika da kakannin mahaifa, ta hanyar tsarin kwatancen bayanai tare da bayanan duk sanannun haplogroups, muna yin nazari akan Y-chromosome, wanda ke faruwa a cikin maza kawai kuma an gada shi kadai daga ubanni zuwa 'ya'ya maza, ta yadda za mu iya gano zuriyar uba ta tarihi zuwa ga. "Y-chromosomal Adam", sanannen Y-chromosome haplogroup na farko.

* Wannan sashe yana samuwa ne kawai don jima'i na namiji.

Gwajin Tarihin Magabata

Bari mu ci gaba da yawa a baya. Daga Tsakiyar Tsakiya zuwa Babban Palaeolithic, fiye da shekaru 12,000 da suka gabata.

A gwajin kakannin kakanninmu muna kwatanta DNA ɗinku da na ɗimbin samfuran kwayoyin halitta daga ragowar kayan tarihi don samun damar faɗa muku wuraren da kakanninku ke da alaƙa, cikin manyan matakai 8 na tarihi.

Gwajin zuriyar Neanderthal

Ta hanyar kwatanta DNA ɗin ku a cikin gwajin zuriyar halittarmu da na samfuran da aka samu daga wuraren tarihi na archaeological, za mu iya ƙididdige adadin adadin da kuka raba tare da mutumin Neanderthal, ɗayan mafi kusancin nau'in mutane na zamani, wanda kuka kasance tare da shi sama da shekaru 40,000, kuma wanene ya kasance tare da shi. ya bace fiye da shekaru 30,000 da suka wuce.

Yaya ta yi aiki?

Zazzage samfurin rahoton mu

Hoton gwajin zuriya 01
Hoton gwajin zuriya 02
Hoton gwajin zuriya 03
Hoton gwajin zuriya 04
Hoton gwajin zuriya 05

Tambayoyin da

1. Ta yaya ake tsara DNA a cikin sel kuma ta yaya ake gadonta?

Dukkan DNA na kwayoyin halitta ana kiransa da kwayar halitta. Musamman, kwayoyin halittar dan adam an tsara su zuwa nau'i-nau'i 23 na chromosomes na nukiliya, wanda ya ƙunshi tarin kwayoyin halittar DNA kuma ya ƙunshi kusan kwayoyin halittar ɗan adam 20,000. Daga cikin waɗannan nau'i-nau'i 23, mun sami nau'i-nau'i 22 na chromosomes na autosomal da 1 nau'i na chromosomes na jima'i.

Daga cikin na farko, mun gaji chromosomes 22 daga mahaifinmu da wani 22 daga mahaifiyarmu.
Dangane da nau'in jima'i, zamu sami chromosomes X da Y, tare da haɗuwa XX da XY, a cikin mata da maza, ko da yake akwai wasu keɓancewa a cikin adadi da tsarin kwayoyin chromosomes na jima'i.

Y chromosome yana cikin maza ne kawai, kuma za a gaji zuriyar maza ne kawai. A daya bangaren kuma, kwayar halittar mitochondrial, wadda aka gada ta uwa-uba ga ’ya’ya maza da mata kadai. Kada ku yi shakka a tuntuɓi kamfanin gwajin zuriyarmu idan kuna buƙatar ƙarin bayani.

2. Menene alamar kwayoyin halitta?

Alamar kwayoyin halitta wata siffa ce ta halitta wacce za ta iya ba mu damar ganowa da kuma nazarin bambance-bambance a cikin kwayoyin halitta. Akwai nau'ikan alamomin kwayoyin halitta da yawa, waɗanda ake amfani da su don dalilai daban-daban.

Bambance-bambancen kwayoyin halitta, daya daga cikin irin wadannan nau'ikan alamomin kwayoyin halitta, canje-canje ne da ke faruwa a cikin kwayoyin halittar mutane, kuma suna iya yin tasiri kan wasu dabi'un halitta. Waɗannan bambance-bambancen su ne ke ayyana daidaikun mutane da ƙungiyoyin jama'a kamar haka, suna ba mu damar kwatanta su ta asali da gudanar da nazari da yawa, daga cikinsu za mu iya samun nazarin zuriyar halittarku.

3. Ta yaya ake rarraba yankuna a cikin rahoton Ancestrum? Shin akwai ƙarin cikakkun bayanai akan wasu yankuna fiye da wasu?

Bayanan bayanan da muke amfani da su don gwaje-gwajen kakannin halittarmu sun haɗa da samfurori marasa iyaka daga mutanen da kakanninsu suka rayu a wani yanki na tsararraki, don haka suna da babban matsayi na wakilci da aminci. Waɗannan samfuran suna dalla-dalla dalla dalla-dalla-dalla na yankuna, waɗanda ke tattare da yanayin yanayin duniya cikin tarihi, kuma suna nuna bambancin jinsin da ke cikinsu.

Ko da yake mun rufe mafi yawan duniya, matakin dalla-dalla na yanki ba daidai ba ne a duk sassan duniya. Koyaya, ƙungiyarmu tana yin bincike da gyare-gyare da yawa don ba da daidaito da sakamako mai inganci. Har ila yau, akwai wasu yankuna na musamman waɗanda ba a haɗa su ba tukuna, amma muna ci gaba da aiki don kammala shi gwargwadon yiwuwa don bayar da sakamako mai kyau.

Baya ga wannan, yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa tarihin alƙaluma na iya bambanta sosai dangane da yawan jama'a, kuma haɗuwarsu da sauran ƙungiyoyin jama'a na iya zama babba ko ƙasa. Waɗancan yankuna waɗanda ba su da ƙarancin haɗuwa sun fi sauƙi don ayyana kwayoyin halitta fiye da waɗanda ke haifar da ƙarin hadaddun ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin lokaci tsakanin al'ummomi daban-daban.

4. Shin mutanen kabilu daban-daban sun bambanta sosai a cikin kwayoyin halittarsu? Yaya kamannin kwayoyin halittar mutanen kabilu daban-daban za su kasance?

Bambance-bambancen kwayoyin halitta da ka iya kasancewa tsakanin kabilu daban-daban ko kungiyoyin jama'a zai kasance da alaka da tarihin al'umma na kowace irin wadannan kabilu.

Idan asalinsu ya zama ruwan dare, idan sun rabu tuntuni ko kwanan nan, idan sun gauraya da yawa kuma sun ci gaba da tuntuɓar juna, idan an ware su, da dai sauransu, abubuwa ne da ke shafar sauye-sauyen kwayoyin halitta a tsakanin kabilu. A cikin yawan mutane, gabaɗaya akwai alaƙa kai tsaye tare da nisan yanki.

Mafi girman nisa tsakanin jama'a, mafi girman bambancin kwayoyin halitta, kuma akasin haka. A kowane hali, yana da mahimmanci a tuna cewa bambance-bambancen da muke magana akai yawanci suna zaune ne kawai a cikin 0.1% na kwayoyin halitta.

5. Menene mitochondria?

Kwayoyin ɗan adam suna cikin rukunin abubuwan da ake kira eukaryotic sel. Wannan yana nufin cewa, a cikin wasu abubuwa, suna da tsarin ciki wanda ya ƙware wajen gudanar da ayyukansu na halitta, kamar narkewa, ajiyar abinci mai gina jiki, da sauransu.

Wadannan sifofi ana kiransu organelles, kuma daga cikinsu mun sami mitochondria, wadanda suka kware wajen gudanar da numfashin salula domin samar da kuzarin da ake bukata don gudanar da aikinsu.

Mitochondria suna da nasu kwayoyin halittar DNA, kuma ana gadar zuriya daga uwa. Don haka, don ayyana haplogroup ɗin ku na uwa muna nazarin DNA ɗin ku na mitochondrial.

6. Menene Y chromosome?

Y chromosome, tare da X chromosome, sun zama abin da aka sani da chromosomes na jima'i, tun da yake suna ƙayyade ci gaban jima'i. Ta fuskar kwayoyin halitta, ya danganta da ko mutum yana da kyautar chromosomal na XX ko XY, zai kasance mace ko namiji, bi da bi.

A cikin nau'ikan chromosomes na jima'i da muke da su, chromosome ɗaya ya fito daga mahaifinmu ɗayan kuma daga mahaifiyarmu. Tunda maza da mata suna da X chromosome, a cikin mata daya X chromosome zai fito daga uba, ɗayan kuma daga uwa. A cikin yanayin Y chromosome, maza ne kawai ke da shi, don haka Y chromosome ba a yada shi kawai daga ubanni zuwa ɗiya maza, kuma X chromosome zai fito daga uwa.

Don haka, don ayyana haplogroup na ubanku gwajin kakanninmu yana gudanar da binciken DNA na chromosome Y, ta yadda, daga bayanan halittarsa, zai iya gano asalin asalin zuriyar ku.

7. Shin mitochondrial DNA ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin chromosome?

Haka ne, amma yana da tsari daban-daban fiye da nau'i-nau'i 23 na chromosomes na nukiliya a cikin kwayar halittar ɗan adam, wanda tsarinsa shine layin DNA na helix guda biyu na layi. A cikin yanayin DNA na mitochondrial, ya ƙunshi kwayar halittar DNA helix madauwari biyu.

8. Yaya aka ƙayyade haplogroup na?

Haplogroup wani tsari ne na maye gurbi a cikin kwayoyin halittar da ke cikin chromosomes uniparental, wadanda kawai aka gada daga iyaye daya zuwa zuriya: mitochondrial chromosome da Y chromosome.

A cikin juyin halittar ɗan adam, ɗimbin sauye-sauye sun faru a cikin DNA na waɗannan chromosomes, waɗanda aka ci gaba zuwa ga zuriya har zuwa yau. Duk lokacin da sabon saitin maye gurbi ya faru a cikin haplogroup da ke da, ana ƙirƙiri sabon haplogroup. Ta wannan hanyar, al'ummar kimiyya, bisa ga ɗimbin bincike a cikin shekarun da suka gabata, sun sami damar tantance yadda da kuma inda haplogroups da ke wanzu a yau suka samo asali daga wasu haplogroups kafin lokaci, ta haka za su iya kafa dangantaka ta juyin halitta a tsakaninsu. .

Don haka, don tantance haplogroup ɗinku muna kwatanta maye gurbin da muka gano a cikin DNA ɗinku na mitochondrial ko Y chromosome, kuma za mu ci gaba da kwatanta su da rumbun adana bayanai inda muke tattara yuwuwar haplogroups da ke wanzu da kuma tsarin maye gurbin da ke ayyana su, domin don duba wadanda muka gano. Ko ta yaya, zaku sami ƙarin bayani game da wannan a gwajin zuriyarsu.

9. Me yasa mata ba su da rukunin Haplogroup na Iyaye a cikin rahoton?

Dalilin ilimin halitta ne kawai, mai alaƙa da gadon gado. Mata suna da kyautar chromosomal na jima'i na XX, yayin da maza kuma XY ne. Wannan yana nufin cewa maza masu halitta ne kawai ke da Y chromosome a cikin kwayoyin halittarsu, wanda aka gada a kan al'ummomin da suka gabata ta hanyar layin uba. Don haka, mata ba za su taɓa gaji wannan chromosome na Y ba, don haka ba zai yiwu a yi nazarin haplogroup na ubansu ba.

10. Daga cikin fitattun jaruman da aka yi gwajin magabata na magabata, shin akwai wasu fitattun jarumai a halin yanzu?

Ee, a cikin bayananmu na shahararrun mutane muna tattara ɗaruruwan mashahuran mutane, daga cikinsu mun haɗa da masu shaharar tarihi da na yanzu. Muna ci gaba da aiki don ƙara yawan tunani da kuma bayar da nau'i mai yawa.

11. Menene yake nufi da samun mafi girman kaso na Neanderthal, kuma yana bayyana a kowace irin hali?

Adadin Neanderthal da ke cikin kwayar halittar ɗan adam shine sakamakon abubuwa daban-daban da suka faru tsakanin Neanderthals da mutanen zamani a cikin kusan shekaru 40,000 da suka kasance tare.

Adadin ku na Neanderthal DNA da halayenku ba su da alaƙa kai tsaye, kuma ba sa nuna cewa DNA ɗinku ya fi ko žasa kakanninku, kawai cewa kakanninku sun sami mafi girma ko ƙarami tare da Neanderthals kuma, sabili da haka, cewa adadin DNA tare da kowa da kowa. Neanderthals an kiyaye shi a cikin kakanninku na tsawon lokaci kuma ya isa gare ku fiye ko ƙarami.

Duk da haka, akwai binciken da ya danganta wasu bambance-bambancen kwayoyin halitta da cakuduwar da ta faru tsakanin Neanderthals da mutane, da kuma cewa wasu daga cikinsu an iya kiyaye su a cikin mutane har zuwa yau.

Koyaya, ba duk bambance-bambancen da abin ya shafa ke da alaƙa da aiki ko hali a cikin kwayoyin halitta ba. A halin yanzu, gwajin zuriyarmu baya ba da takamaiman bayani game da su kuma yana ba da bayanai ne kawai game da adadin duniya na Neanderthal DNA ɗin ku.

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